AHS English Stylebook


The following model uses the technique of "Echoing the Introduction."  Here the student alludes to the Interest Creating Device at the paper's beginning.  First, read the opening of her essay:
According to Hodding Carter, "There are only two lasting bequests we can hope 
to give our children.  One of these is roots, the other wings."  Two contemporary
African-American writers, Alice Walker and Toni Morrison, echo Carter's words and
offer the children of their generation both cultural roots and wings in their novels. 
The cultural, social, and personal experience of both women are reflected in these
works, providing not only the roots of their heritage, but also the wings of their
liberation from oppression…
At the end of this essay, note how the student crafts a conclusion that "echoes" the I.C.D., expanding and deepening her introduction:
Both Alice Walker and Toni Morrison give their children, the daughters of this 
generation and their daughters after them, the gift of heritage, the roots that
in the future will not poke out from the ground but instead be buried deep under
the memory of a rapidly assimilating culture.  Walker and Morrison bring to life
the richness of black culture, colored by their own experiences, and delineate
the insidious prejudices of our age while showing the black woman's triumph in
spite of this intolerance.  Walker and Morrison also offer the roots of their
own personal stories, which provide knowledge that their daughters might learn
from "Individuals who find selfhood through examining the experiences of others
who have preceded them" ("Alice Walker" 406).  By finding individuality through
learning from those that came before, roots can be transformed into wings of
Such an "echoing/deepening" conclusion ends the entire essay by enriching it.  Whatever your concluding device, it should go beyond summary, if possible, and make the whole essay more significant.